The word “electronic keyboard” refers to any instrument that creates sound by thepressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, somehow, to facilitate the development of that sound. The usage of buy digital piano to create music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the very first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is definitely the oldest of these, initially designed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and called the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or perhaps a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome up until the 14th century, the organ remained the sole keyboard instrument. It often did not feature a keyboard in any way, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated by using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance from the clavichord and harpsichord inside the 1300’s was accelerated by the standardization of the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys present in all keyboard instruments of today. The recognition in the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed from the development and widespread adoption from the piano within the 18th century. The piano was a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards because a pianist could vary the volume (or dynamics) in the sound the instrument created by varying the force in which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology in the 18th century was the next essential element of the creation of the present day electronic keyboard. The very first electrified musical instrument was regarded as the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. It was shortly accompanied by the “clavecin electrique” invented by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The previous instrument was comprised of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to enhance their sonic qualities. The later was actually a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, that have been activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or perhaps the clavecin used electricity as being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented such an instrument known as the “musical telegraph.,” which had been, essentially, the first weighted digital piano. Gray discovered that he could control sound from the self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and so invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from your electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them spanning a telephone line. Grey continued to incorporate a basic loudspeaker into his later models which was comprised of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the following major cause of the development of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the initial thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the very first vacuum tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The vacuum tube became an important part of electronic instruments for the upcoming 50 years until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade of the 1920’s brought an abundance of new electronic instruments onto the scene like the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, as well as the Trautonium.
Another major breakthrough within the background of electronic keyboards arrived in 1935 with the development of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the first electronic instrument able to producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so till the invention from the Chamberlin Music Maker, and the Mellotron within the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the very first ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s with the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a three and a half octave instrument created from 1946 until 1948 that came designed with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
An upswing of music synthesizers inside the 1960’s gave a strong push for the evolution in the electronic musical keyboards we have now today. The very first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed producing synthesizers that have been self-contained, portable instruments competent at being utilized in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer had not been truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a built-in keyboard, which instrument further standardized the style of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, such as the Minimoog and the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, competent at producing just one tone at the same time. A couple of, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, as well as the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones at the same time when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the production of multiple simultaneous tones that allow for your playing of chords) was only obtainable, initially, using electronic organ designs. There have been a number of electronic keyboards produced which combined organ izlcdl with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, as well as the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers including the Oberheim Four-Voice, as well as the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The initial truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to make use of a microprocessor being a controller, and also allowed all knob settings to be saved in computer memory and recalled by just pushing a control button. The Prophet-5’s design soon became the new standard within the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) as the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to be connected into computers as well as other devices for input and programming), and also the ongoing Kawai piano have produced tremendous advancements in every elements of electronic keyboard design, construction, function, sound quality, and expense. Today’s manufactures, including Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are actually producing an abundance of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and definately will continue to do so well into the near future.