The phrase “electronic keyboard” identifies any instrument that creates sound from the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some manner, to facilitate the development of that sound. Using an electronic keyboard to generate music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the 1st musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ will be the oldest of these, initially created by the Romans within the 3rd century B.C., and called the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered through a manual water pump or perhaps a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome till the 14th century, the organ remained the best digital piano keyboard. Many times, it failed to include a keyboard at all, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that were operated by utilizing the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance from the clavichord and harpsichord inside the 1300’s was accelerated from the standardization of the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys seen in all keyboard instruments these days. The buzz in the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed from the development and widespread adoption of the piano in the 18th century. The piano was a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards because a pianist could vary the amount (or dynamics) in the sound the instrument made by varying the force that each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology inside the 18th century was the following essential element of the development of the modern electronic keyboard. The first electrified musical instrument was thought to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This is shortly then the “clavecin electrique” designed by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The previous instrument consisted of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to boost their sonic qualities. The later was best digital pianos with weighted keys featuring plectra, or picks, that were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or perhaps the clavecin used electricity being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented this type of instrument referred to as “musical telegraph.,” that was, essentially, the 1st analog electronic synthesizer. Gray found that he could control sound from the self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and so invented a fundamental single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from your electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them over a telephone line. Grey proceeded to incorporate a simple loudspeaker into his later models which was made up of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the following major contributor to the development of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the first vacuum tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The vacuum tube became an important component of electronic instruments for the following 50 years until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade from the 1920’s brought a great deal of new electronic instruments onto the scene including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and also the Trautonium.
Another major breakthrough inside the past of electronic keyboards arrived in 1935 with the development of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the very first electronic instrument capable of producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so till the invention from the Chamberlin Music Maker, and also the Mellotron within the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the initial ever sample-playback keyboards meant for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance in the 1940’s using the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This is a three as well as a half octave instrument created from 1946 until 1948 that came built with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The increase of music synthesizers in the 1960’s gave a powerful push for the evolution of the electronic musical keyboards we now have today. The very first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed the creation of synthesizers that have been self-contained, portable instruments capable of being used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer had not been truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer using a built-in keyboard, which instrument further standardized the appearance of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, including the Minimoog and the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, competent at producing only one tone at the same time. A couple of, like the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, and the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones simultaneously when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the production of multiple simultaneous tones which allow for that dofrdp of chords) was just obtainable, initially, using electronic organ designs. There were a number of electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the look of polyphonic synthesizers like the Oberheim Four-Voice, as well as the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to make use of a microprocessor being a controller, and in addition allowed all knob settings to be saved in computer memory and recalled simply by pushing some control. The Prophet-5’s design soon became the new standard inside the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) because the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to get connected into computers along with other devices for input and programming), and the ongoing digitale piano have produced tremendous advancements in most facets of electronic keyboard design, construction, function, audio quality, and cost. Today’s manufactures, such as Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are actually producing a great deal of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and can continue to do this well in to the foreseeable future..